What are the healthiest foods to cook for a balanced diet?

Are you looking to improve your diet and cook healthier meals? With so many options available, it can be difficult to know where to start. However, there are certain foods that are considered to be among the healthiest to cook, and incorporating them into your meals can help you achieve a balanced diet. In this article, we will explore some of the healthiest foods to cook for a balanced diet, and provide tips on how to prepare them in a delicious and nutritious way. From superfoods like avocado and quinoa, to staples like lean meats and leafy greens, we’ll cover it all. So, let’s get started and discover the benefits of these healthy foods for your body and mind.

Quick Answer:
A balanced diet should include a variety of healthy foods from different food groups. Some of the healthiest foods to cook for a balanced diet include leafy green vegetables, such as spinach and kale, cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower, and colorful fruits and vegetables like berries and sweet potatoes. Incorporating lean protein sources like chicken, fish, and beans, and healthy fats such as avocado and nuts, can also provide a balanced diet. Additionally, whole grains like brown rice and quinoa, and low-fat dairy products like Greek yogurt and skim milk, can be a part of a healthy diet. It’s important to vary your diet and include a variety of foods to ensure you’re getting all the necessary nutrients.

The Importance of Cooking Healthy Foods

Understanding the Benefits of a Balanced Diet

A balanced diet is crucial for maintaining good health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases. By consuming a variety of nutrient-dense foods, individuals can nourish their bodies with the necessary vitamins, minerals, and other beneficial compounds.

One of the primary benefits of a balanced diet is improved physical health. Consuming a wide range of nutrients helps support healthy weight management, reduces the risk of obesity, and supports overall cardiovascular health. A balanced diet can also help prevent nutrient deficiencies, which can lead to a variety of health problems.

In addition to physical health, a balanced diet can also benefit mental well-being. Nutrient-dense foods, such as those rich in omega-3 fatty acids, can help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety. Additionally, consuming a variety of fruits and vegetables can help boost mood and improve cognitive function.

Perhaps most importantly, a balanced diet can help reduce the risk of chronic diseases. Eating a variety of nutrient-dense foods can help lower the risk of developing conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. Additionally, consuming adequate amounts of fiber can help regulate blood sugar levels and support healthy digestion.

Overall, a balanced diet is essential for maintaining good health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases. By incorporating a variety of nutrient-dense foods into your meals, you can support your body’s physical and mental well-being.

Essential Nutrients for a Balanced Diet

Ensuring that one’s diet is balanced is crucial for maintaining optimal health. The human body requires a range of nutrients to function properly, including vitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates, and fats.

Vitamins

Vitamins are organic compounds that the body needs in small amounts to function properly. They play a crucial role in metabolism, growth, and development. There are two main types of vitamins: fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K) and water-soluble vitamins (B vitamins and vitamin C).

Some of the best food sources of vitamins include leafy green vegetables (such as spinach and kale), citrus fruits (such as oranges and grapefruits), and fatty fish (such as salmon and mackerel). It is important to note that some vitamins, such as vitamin C, are sensitive to heat and light, so it is best to cook certain vitamin-rich foods lightly or not at all.

Minerals

Minerals are inorganic substances that the body needs in small amounts to function properly. They play a crucial role in various bodily functions, including nerve and muscle function, immune system function, and bone health.

Some of the best food sources of minerals include dairy products (such as milk and cheese), meat and poultry, fish, beans, and nuts. It is important to note that some minerals, such as calcium and iron, are best absorbed when consumed with vitamin C-rich foods.

Protein

Protein is a macronutrient that the body needs in large amounts to function properly. It plays a crucial role in growth and development, tissue repair, and immune system function.

Some of the best food sources of protein include meat (such as beef, pork, and poultry), fish, eggs, dairy products, legumes (such as beans and lentils), and nuts. It is important to note that some protein-rich foods, such as meat and fish, are also good sources of minerals and vitamins.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are macronutrients that the body needs in large amounts to function properly. They play a crucial role in energy production and brain function.

Some of the best food sources of carbohydrates include whole grains (such as rice, pasta, and bread), fruits, and vegetables. It is important to note that some carbohydrate-rich foods, such as fruits and vegetables, are also good sources of vitamins and minerals.

Fats

Fats are macronutrients that the body needs in small amounts to function properly. They play a crucial role in energy production, hormone regulation, and brain function.

Some of the best food sources of fats include fatty fish (such as salmon and mackerel), nuts (such as almonds and walnuts), seeds (such as sunflower and flax seeds), and avocados. It is important to note that some fatty foods, such as nuts and seeds, are also good sources of vitamins and minerals.

Healthy Cooking Techniques

Key takeaway: A balanced diet is essential for maintaining good health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Incorporating a variety of nutrient-dense foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help support physical and mental well-being. Choosing the right cooking methods, such as grilling, baking, roasting, steaming, and boiling, can help retain more nutrients in foods. Healthy oils like olive oil, avocado oil, and ghee can be used for cooking. Leafy greens, colorful vegetables, cruciferous vegetables, nightshade vegetables, and root vegetables are some of the healthiest vegetables to include in your meals. Berries, citrus fruits, stone fruits, tropical fruits, and dried fruits are some of the healthiest fruits to cook with. Plant-based and animal-based proteins are both essential in a balanced diet. Whole grains and legumes are healthy carbohydrates. Almonds, cashews, chia seeds, pumpkin seeds, and sunflower seeds are some of the healthiest snacks and desserts. Meal planning, experimenting with flavors, and seeking professional advice can help incorporate healthy foods into your diet.

Choosing the Right Cooking Methods

When it comes to healthy cooking, choosing the right cooking methods can make all the difference. Here are some of the healthiest cooking techniques to consider:

Grilling

Grilling is a great way to cook meat, vegetables, and fruits without adding extra calories or fat. It is important to use a grill that is clean and well-seasoned to avoid sticking and charring, which can create harmful compounds. Choose lean cuts of meat and try to include a variety of colorful vegetables and fruits for a balanced meal.

Baking

Baking is a healthy cooking method that involves cooking food in an oven without added fat. It is a great way to prepare whole grains, vegetables, and fruits. Baking can help retain more nutrients than other cooking methods, such as boiling or steaming. It is important to choose healthy ingredients and watch portion sizes to ensure a balanced diet.

Roasting

Roasting is a cooking method that involves cooking food in its own juices and seasonings. It is a healthy way to prepare meats, vegetables, and fruits because it requires little or no added fat. Roasting can help retain more nutrients than other cooking methods, such as frying or sautéing. It is important to choose healthy ingredients and watch portion sizes to ensure a balanced diet.

Steaming

Steaming is a healthy cooking method that involves cooking food by vaporizing water. It is a great way to prepare vegetables, fruits, and lean proteins. Steaming can help retain more nutrients than other cooking methods, such as boiling or microwaving. It is important to use a steamer basket or tray to avoid adding extra fat or salt to the food.

Boiling

Boiling is a cooking method that involves cooking food in water. It is a healthy way to prepare vegetables and fruits, but it can cause nutrient loss and water-soluble vitamins to leach out into the water. To minimize nutrient loss, try to use as little water as possible and add acidic ingredients, such as lemon juice or vinegar, to the water. It is important to choose healthy ingredients and watch portion sizes to ensure a balanced diet.

Cooking with Healthy Oils

Cooking with healthy oils is an essential aspect of a balanced diet. There are several types of oils that can be used for cooking, but not all of them are equally beneficial for health. Here are some of the healthiest oils that can be used for cooking:

Olive Oil

Olive oil is one of the most popular healthy oils used in cooking. It is rich in monounsaturated fats, which can help lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. Olive oil is also a good source of antioxidants, which can help protect the body against damage caused by free radicals. It is commonly used in Mediterranean cuisine and can be used for sautéing, baking, and as a salad dressing.

Avocado Oil

Avocado oil is another healthy oil that is gaining popularity in the culinary world. It is high in healthy monounsaturated fats and has a high smoke point, making it ideal for high-heat cooking methods such as frying and grilling. Avocado oil also contains vitamins A, D, and E, which can help support overall health and wellbeing.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is a saturated fat that is solid at room temperature. It is a popular oil in many cuisines and is commonly used for baking and frying. Coconut oil is rich in medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), which can help boost metabolism and promote weight loss. However, it is important to note that coconut oil is high in calories and should be used in moderation.

Sesame Oil

Sesame oil is a flavorful oil that is commonly used in Asian cuisine. It is rich in healthy monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats and has a high smoke point, making it ideal for high-heat cooking methods. Sesame oil is also a good source of antioxidants and can help reduce inflammation in the body.

Ghee

Ghee is a type of clarified butter that is commonly used in Indian cuisine. It is a rich source of healthy saturated fats and has a high smoke point, making it ideal for high-heat cooking methods. Ghee is also a good source of vitamins A, D, and E and can help support overall health and wellbeing.

In conclusion, cooking with healthy oils is an important aspect of a balanced diet. Olive oil, avocado oil, coconut oil, sesame oil, and ghee are all healthy oils that can be used for cooking. When choosing an oil, it is important to consider its nutritional content and how it will be used in cooking.

Healthy Foods to Cook

Vegetables

When it comes to healthy foods to cook for a balanced diet, vegetables are an essential part of the equation. Here are some of the healthiest vegetables to include in your meals:

Leafy Greens

Leafy greens, such as spinach, kale, and collard greens, are packed with vitamins and minerals. They are low in calories and high in fiber, making them an excellent addition to any meal. These greens are also rich in antioxidants, which can help protect against cellular damage and chronic diseases.

Colorful Vegetables

Colorful vegetables, such as carrots, sweet potatoes, and bell peppers, are full of nutrients and antioxidants. They are also low in calories and high in fiber, making them an excellent choice for those looking to maintain a healthy weight. Including a variety of colorful vegetables in your diet can help you meet your daily vitamin and mineral needs.

Cruciferous Vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts, are known for their cancer-fighting properties. They contain compounds that can help prevent the growth and spread of cancer cells. These vegetables are also high in fiber and low in calories, making them an excellent choice for those looking to maintain a healthy weight.

Nightshade Vegetables

Nightshade vegetables, such as tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants, are full of vitamins and minerals. They are also high in fiber and low in calories, making them an excellent choice for those looking to maintain a healthy weight. Some people believe that nightshade vegetables can cause inflammation, but there is little scientific evidence to support this claim.

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables, such as carrots, beets, and turnips, are full of nutrients and fiber. They are also low in calories, making them an excellent choice for those looking to maintain a healthy weight. Including a variety of root vegetables in your diet can help you meet your daily vitamin and mineral needs.

Fruits

Fruits are an essential part of a balanced diet as they provide the body with vital nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. There are many types of fruits that can be incorporated into a healthy diet, each offering unique benefits. Here are some of the healthiest fruits to cook with:

Berries

Berries are small, sweet fruits that are packed with nutrients. They are rich in vitamins C and K, as well as fiber and antioxidants. Berries can be added to smoothies, yogurt, oatmeal, or used in baking. They are a great source of natural sweetness and can be used as a healthier alternative to refined sugar.

Citrus Fruits

Citrus fruits, such as oranges, grapefruits, and lemons, are loaded with vitamin C, an essential nutrient that supports the immune system and skin health. They can be added to salads, used as a garnish, or juiced for a refreshing drink. The peels of citrus fruits contain compounds that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties.

Stone Fruits

Stone fruits, such as peaches, plums, and cherries, are a good source of vitamins A and C, as well as fiber and antioxidants. They can be eaten fresh, used in baking, or made into jams and preserves. Stone fruits are also a good source of potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure.

Tropical Fruits

Tropical fruits, such as mangoes, pineapples, and papayas, are rich in vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, potassium, and fiber. They can be used in smoothies, fruit salads, or as a topping for yogurt or oatmeal. Tropical fruits are also a good source of antioxidants, which help protect the body against oxidative stress and inflammation.

Dried Fruits

Dried fruits, such as raisins, dates, and apricots, are a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They can be added to baked goods, oatmeal, or yogurt. Dried fruits are also a convenient snack that can be carried on the go. However, it’s important to note that dried fruits are high in sugar and should be consumed in moderation.

Protein Sources

Protein is an essential macronutrient that plays a crucial role in many bodily functions. It is important to include an adequate amount of protein in your diet to maintain good health. There are various sources of protein that can be incorporated into a balanced diet.

Plant-Based Proteins

Plant-based proteins are a great option for vegetarians and vegans. They are also beneficial for those who want to reduce their meat consumption. Some plant-based protein sources include:

  • Legumes: Beans, lentils, chickpeas, and peas are all great sources of plant-based protein. They are also rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Nuts and seeds: Almonds, peanuts, sunflower seeds, and chia seeds are all good sources of protein. They are also rich in healthy fats and can be added to smoothies or salads.
  • Tofu and tempeh: These are popular plant-based protein sources that can be used in stir-fries, curries, and salads.

Animal-Based Proteins

Animal-based proteins are a good source of high-quality protein. They are also rich in other nutrients such as iron, zinc, and vitamin B12. Some animal-based protein sources include:

  • Meat: Beef, pork, lamb, and chicken are all good sources of protein. They are also rich in other nutrients such as iron and zinc.
  • Fish and seafood: Salmon, tuna, shrimp, and scallops are all great sources of protein. They are also rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which have numerous health benefits.
  • Dairy products: Milk, cheese, and yogurt are all good sources of protein. They are also rich in calcium and vitamin D.

It is important to note that consuming too much red and processed meat has been linked to an increased risk of certain health conditions such as heart disease and cancer. Therefore, it is recommended to choose lean cuts of meat and to incorporate other protein sources into your diet.

Healthy Grains and Carbohydrates

Whole grains are a type of grain that has not been processed or refined, retaining all three parts of the grain: the bran, germ, and endosperm. Whole grains are a rich source of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, making them an excellent addition to a balanced diet. Some examples of whole grains include brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat pasta.

Legumes are another type of healthy carbohydrate that are high in fiber, protein, and complex carbohydrates. Examples of legumes include beans, lentils, and peas. They are a great source of energy and can be used in a variety of dishes, such as soups, stews, and salads.

Sweet potatoes are a type of root vegetable that is high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They are a great source of complex carbohydrates and can be baked, roasted, or mashed. Sweet potatoes are also a good source of antioxidants, which can help protect the body against damage from free radicals.

Brown rice is a type of rice that has not been polished or processed, retaining the outer layers of the grain. Brown rice is a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making it an excellent addition to a balanced diet. It is also a great source of complex carbohydrates, which can help regulate blood sugar levels.

Quinoa is a type of grain that is high in protein, fiber, and complex carbohydrates. It is a great source of energy and can be used in a variety of dishes, such as salads, bowls, and pilafs. Quinoa is also a good source of vitamins and minerals, making it an excellent addition to a balanced diet.

Snacks and Desserts

  • Fresh Fruit
    • Berries
    • Citrus fruits
    • Stone fruits
    • Tropical fruits
  • Nuts and Seeds
    • Almonds
    • Cashews
    • Chia seeds
    • Pumpkin seeds
    • Sunflower seeds
  • Yogurt and Greek Yogurt
    • Plain, non-fat, and low-fat options
    • Greek yogurt with added probiotics
  • Dark Chocolate
    • 70% or higher cocoa content
    • Contains flavonoids and antioxidants
  • Homemade Treats
    • Baked sweet potato chips
    • Hummus with raw vegetables
    • Roasted chickpeas
    • Roasted nuts and seeds

When it comes to snacks and desserts, it’s important to choose options that are both satisfying and nutritious. The following foods fit the bill:

Fresh Fruit

Berries, citrus fruits, stone fruits, and tropical fruits are all excellent choices for snacks and desserts. They’re low in calories, high in fiber, and packed with vitamins and antioxidants. Try serving a bowl of mixed berries with a dollop of Greek yogurt, or slicing up a juicy orange or mango as a refreshing afternoon snack.

Nuts and Seeds

Nuts and seeds are a great source of healthy fats, protein, and fiber. Almonds, cashews, chia seeds, pumpkin seeds, and sunflower seeds are all excellent options. Enjoy a handful as a snack, or mix them into a salad or yogurt bowl for added crunch and flavor.

Yogurt and Greek Yogurt

Plain, non-fat, and low-fat yogurt and Greek yogurt are excellent choices for snacks and desserts. Look for options that are high in protein and low in added sugars. Greek yogurt with added probiotics can provide additional health benefits. Enjoy a bowl with fresh fruit or mix it with nuts and seeds for a protein-packed snack.

Dark Chocolate

Dark chocolate with 70% or higher cocoa content is a delicious and nutritious treat. It contains flavonoids and antioxidants that can benefit heart health and improve mood. Enjoy a small square as a snack or add it to a dessert for an extra boost of flavor and nutrition.

Homemade Treats

When it comes to homemade treats, the sky’s the limit. Baked sweet potato chips, hummus with raw vegetables, roasted chickpeas, and roasted nuts and seeds are all excellent options. They’re low in calories, high in fiber and protein, and packed with flavor. Try experimenting with different flavors and ingredients to find your favorite healthy snack or dessert.

Tips for Incorporating Healthy Foods into Your Diet

Meal Planning

Meal planning is an essential part of incorporating healthy foods into your diet. By planning your meals in advance, you can ensure that you have nutritious food on hand and avoid relying on unhealthy convenience foods. Here are some tips for effective meal planning:

  • Weekly Meal Planning: Planning your meals for the week ahead can help you save time and money, and also ensure that you have a variety of healthy foods on hand. Start by looking at your schedule for the week and planning your meals around your busiest times. Make sure to include a variety of protein sources, such as lean meats, fish, and plant-based proteins like beans and tofu.
  • Creating a Grocery List: Once you have planned your meals, create a grocery list of the ingredients you need. This will help you stay on track and avoid impulse purchases. Try to buy ingredients that are in season and locally sourced whenever possible, as they tend to be fresher and more nutritious.
  • Cooking in Bulk: Cooking in bulk can save time and money, and also help you avoid last-minute meal decisions. Choose recipes that make leftovers, such as soups or stews, and cook a large batch that you can portion out for lunches or dinners throughout the week. You can also freeze portions of these meals for later.

Experimenting with Flavors

When it comes to incorporating healthy foods into your diet, experimenting with flavors is a great way to add excitement to your meals without compromising on nutrition. Here are some tips for doing just that:

  • Herbs and Spices
    • Herbs and spices are a great way to add flavor to your meals without adding calories. Some of the healthiest herbs and spices include basil, oregano, cinnamon, turmeric, and rosemary. Experiment with different combinations to find your favorite flavors.
  • Marinades and Sauces
    • Marinades and sauces can add a lot of flavor to your meals without adding a lot of calories. Try using lemon juice, vinegar, or yogurt as a marinade for chicken or fish. You can also make your own salad dressings or use store-bought options that are low in calories and high in flavor.
  • Flavorful Oils
    • Flavorful oils such as olive oil, avocado oil, and coconut oil can add a lot of flavor to your meals without adding a lot of calories. Use them to sauté vegetables, cook pasta, or dress salads. Be sure to choose high-quality oils that are free from additives and artificial flavors.

By experimenting with different flavors, you can make healthy eating a lot more enjoyable. Try incorporating these tips into your meals and see how they enhance the flavors of your favorite dishes.

Making Healthy Choices When Eating Out

Eating out can be a challenge when it comes to maintaining a balanced diet. However, there are several tips that can help you make healthier choices when dining out.

  • Ordering Sensibly

When ordering at a restaurant, try to choose dishes that are baked, grilled, or steamed rather than fried. Avoid dishes that are high in sodium, sugar, and unhealthy fats. Instead, opt for lean proteins, whole grains, and plenty of vegetables.

  • Asking for Modifications

If you’re craving a particular dish that’s not very healthy, ask if you can modify it. For example, you can ask for a side salad instead of fries, or ask for your burger to be served without the bun. Don’t be afraid to ask for extra vegetables or to substitute healthier ingredients.

  • Preparing Healthy Meals at Home to Bring as Leftovers

To make sure you have healthy food options when eating out, prepare healthy meals at home and bring them as leftovers. This way, you can enjoy a healthy meal at the restaurant and avoid the unhealthy options on the menu.

By following these tips, you can make healthier choices when eating out and maintain a balanced diet.

Incorporating Movement and Exercise

Regular physical activity is essential for maintaining a balanced diet. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise per week, along with strength training at least twice a week. This can include activities such as brisk walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming, as well as weightlifting, resistance training, or bodyweight exercises.

High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) workouts are a time-efficient way to incorporate exercise into your routine. HIIT involves short bursts of intense exercise followed by brief periods of rest. This type of training has been shown to improve cardiovascular health, burn calories, and increase muscle mass. Examples of HIIT workouts include sprint intervals, burpees, and jump rope.

Yoga and meditation can also be beneficial for maintaining a balanced diet. These practices can help reduce stress, improve flexibility, and increase mindfulness, which can all contribute to a healthier lifestyle. Incorporating yoga or meditation into your routine can be as simple as setting aside a few minutes each day to practice, or joining a class to learn from an experienced instructor.

Seeking Professional Advice

If you are looking to incorporate healthy foods into your diet, seeking professional advice can be a great way to get started. Consulting a nutritionist or dietitian can provide you with personalized guidance on how to achieve a balanced diet that meets your individual needs and goals.

Joining a support group can also be a helpful way to get support and motivation from others who are also committed to making healthy changes to their diet. Online resources such as blogs, forums, and social media groups can also provide valuable information and support.

By seeking professional advice, you can ensure that you are making informed decisions about the foods you eat and the changes you make to your diet. A nutritionist or dietitian can help you identify any nutritional deficiencies or health concerns and provide guidance on how to address them through dietary changes. They can also provide personalized meal plans and recipes that are tailored to your individual needs and preferences.

Overall, seeking professional advice can be a valuable tool in your journey towards a healthier diet. It can provide you with the knowledge and support you need to make sustainable changes to your eating habits and achieve a balanced diet that promotes optimal health and wellbeing.

FAQs

1. What are the healthiest foods to cook for a balanced diet?

The healthiest foods to cook for a balanced diet include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. These foods provide a variety of essential nutrients and can help promote overall health and well-being. Some specific examples of healthy foods to cook include leafy greens, berries, sweet potatoes, quinoa, chicken, and avocado.

2. How can I incorporate more healthy foods into my cooking?

One way to incorporate more healthy foods into your cooking is to plan your meals in advance. This can help you ensure that you have healthy ingredients on hand and can make healthy choices when you’re cooking. You can also try experimenting with new recipes and ingredients to find ways to incorporate more healthy foods into your meals. Additionally, you can try using cooking techniques like baking, grilling, or roasting instead of frying or deep-frying, which can help reduce the amount of added fats and calories in your meals.

3. Are there any specific cooking techniques that are particularly healthy?

Yes, there are some cooking techniques that can help make healthy foods even healthier. For example, roasting vegetables can help bring out their natural flavors and make them more tender, while also reducing their moisture content. This can help reduce the amount of water and calories in your vegetables. Additionally, baking or grilling lean proteins can help reduce the amount of added fats and calories in your meals. Finally, using methods like steaming or boiling can help preserve the nutrients in your foods, making them even healthier.

4. Are there any healthy foods that I should avoid cooking?

In general, there are no healthy foods that you should avoid cooking. However, some foods can become less healthy when they are cooked in certain ways. For example, frying can add a lot of added fats and calories to your meals, so it’s best to avoid frying healthy foods like vegetables and lean proteins. Additionally, cooking some foods for long periods of time can cause them to lose their nutrients, so it’s best to cook these foods for shorter periods of time or use other cooking methods like steaming or boiling.

Reminder, healthy food can be yummy too 🤤

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